Publication Ethics

Publication and authorship

  • All persons listed as authors are assumed to have been actively involved in one or more key aspects of the reported study according to the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors)
  • The submitted manuscript should be solely considered by the journal and should not been previously published or submitted simultaneously to another journal
  • Authors should sign a copyright form stating that the article is an original work, has not been published before and is not being considered for publication elsewhere
  • A statement should be included in the title page indicating acknowledgement, financial support and conflict of interest
  • References should be complied numerically according to the order of citation in the text in Vancouver style. The number of references should not preferably exceed 40 for original articles, 15 for brief, and 10 for case reports. For the references credited to more than 6 authors please provide names of all authors.

Author’s responsibilities

  • Authors should have substantial contributions to conception and design, and/or acquisition of data, and/or analysis and interpretation of data according to the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors)
  • Authors should participate in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • Authors should provide the final approval of the manuscript before publication
  • The corresponding author should be actively contribute with the journal editorial office for any queries regarding the submitted manuscript and should respond the journal’s mails as soon as possible
  • The authors should confirm the authenticity of the provided data

Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers

  • Reviewers should assess the originality, scientific merit, design of the study including statistical analysis, professional interest and the overall quality of the manuscript
  • Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments in 500 to 1000 words
  • Reviewers should provide constructive comments to improve the quality of the article
  • Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders
  • All reviews should be performed confidentially

Editorial responsibilities

  • The Editor-in-Chief have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article
  • Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication
  • Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed
  • Editors should preserve the anonymity of reviewers
  • Editors should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to international accepted ethical guidelines
  • Editors should not reject papers based on suspicions; they should have proof of misconduct
  • Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members

Publishing ethics issues

  • Biomedicine an Surgery complies the terms of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and thus all submitted articles should be written according to the COPE guidelines
  • Publication ethical violations including duplication, fabrication, falsification and plagiarism are strictly prohibited
  • Papers are checked for plagiarism (including self-plagiarism). If any of these publication ethics violations are detected, action will be taken following the COPE guidelines
  • Manuscripts must comply with the ethical standards recommended by the Helsinki Declaration
  • In studies with human subjects, indicate in the Methods section whether the procedures, including obtaining informed consent, were conducted in accord with the ethical standards of the Committee on Human Experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accord with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration of 1975
  • The corresponding author must affirm that all co-investigators have been duly credited in the manuscript either as co-authors or in the acknowledgement section
  • it is necessary to have taken a significant part in the overall conception and design of the research or to have participated in the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data as well as having written initial drafts of the manuscript, revised and contributed to the final manuscript
  • Simply having been a part of the research group or having contributed to data collection or provided patients or analysis of tests is not sufficient in and of itself to satisfy the criteria for authorship