Outbreak of dengue fever in Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
BACKGROUND. Dengue fever is caused by single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the flavivirus group. Every year, roughly 2.5 billion people around the world are affected from dengue fever. Current study aimed to evaluate the burden of dengue fever in Haripur and was conducted at the District Hospital and the Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, University of Haripur, KPK. METHODS. Three ml of venous blood was collected from patients by venipuncture and immune-chromatographic (ICT) techniques were used. Data was analyzed using Excel worksheet. RESULTS. Total of 173, 177, 145, 96, 187 and 166 cases in both male and female patients were reported during years 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 respectively. Out of 173 affected persons in 2010, total 49.1% were males and 36.4% females. Similarly, in 2011, out of 177 penitents, 14.6% were males and 6.7% were females affected by dengue fever. In 2012, out of 145 affected persons, 8.9% were males and 10.3% were females, while in years 2014 and 2015 there were 10.1% males and 12.8% females and 5.4% males and 3.6% females affected by dengue fever respectively. High prevalence was noted from August to October in Pakistan. Higher frequency in males as compared to females was observed in the study area. CONCLUSION. Awareness about dengue virus and sensitization should be conducted in affected areas to ensure maximum protection and reduce the morbidity of the disease.
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