Endemic study of typhoid fever between male and female population of Ali Pur, Islamabad


  • Muhammad Yaseen Khan University Of Haripur
  • Abdul Jabbar Department Medical Laboratory Technology, University of Haripur
  • Afshan Saleem Department of Microbiology, University of Haripur
  • Kifayat Ullah King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • Haneef Ur Rehman Department Medical Laboratory Technology, University of Haripur
  • Osman Akhtar Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad
  • Nasir Habib Department Medical Laboratory Technology, University of Haripur
  • Adeel Ahmad University of Health Sciences, Lahore




IgM, IgG, Ali Pur, epidemiology, typhoid fever


AIM: To study the number of typhoid fever cases among male and female population of Ali Pur, Islamabad. METHODS: The study was designed by Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, University of Haripur. Sample was collected from January 1st 2016 to December 31st 2016 in the region of Ali Pur, Islamabad. A total of 905 samples were collected from both male and female population for typhoid fever in the region of Ali Pur Islamabad. The samples were centrifuged at high speed to obtain serum. All samples were screened for typhoid fever by using immunochromatographic (ICT) technique. RESULTS: In this study there were 422 female patients and 483 male patients. Among female participants, 30.3% were positive for IgM antibodies and 1.7% were positive for IgG antibodies while 1.4% were positive for both IgG and IgM antibodies. Similarly, among male participants, 28.2% were positive for IgM antibodies, 0.8% were positive for IgG antibodies and 2.3% were positive for both IgM and IgG antibodies. In female participants, IgM and IgG levels were little higher than in male participants. CONCLUSION: The acute phase of typhoid in females is higher than in males. Chronic phase of typhoid is also somewhat higher than in males, but an increased level of IgG and IgM ratio was seen in the case of male participants.


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How to Cite

Khan, M. Y., Jabbar, A., Saleem, A., Ullah, K., Rehman, H. U., Akhtar, O., Habib, N., & Ahmad, A. (2017). Endemic study of typhoid fever between male and female population of Ali Pur, Islamabad. BioMedicine and Surgery, 1(3), 105–108. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1156101